AskDefine | Define umber

Dictionary Definition

umber adj : of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments


1 an earth pigment
2 a medium to dark brown color [syn: chocolate, coffee, deep brown, burnt umber]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. A brown or reddish pigment used in painting, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese.
  2. (colour) a reddish brown colour, like that of the pigment.
    umber colour:   




  1. (colour) of a reddish brown colour, like that of the pigment.



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Extensive Definition

Umber is a natural brown clay pigment which contains iron and manganese oxides. The color becomes more intense when calcined (heated), and the resulting pigment is called burnt umber. The name derives from Umbria, a mountainous region of central Italy, but it is found in many parts of the world. Some of the finest umber comes from Cyprus. It has been used as a pigment since prehistoric times.
Chemical formula: + + + Si +
umber in German: Umbra (Farbe)
umber in Dutch: Umber
umber in Japanese: アンバー (顔料)
umber in Russian: Умбра (пигмент)
umber in Slovak: Umbra
umber in Finnish: Umbra
umber in Swedish: Umbra (färg)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

beige, brown, brownish, brownish-yellow, brunet, chocolate, cinnamon, cocoa, cocoa-brown, coffee, coffee-brown, drab, dun, dun-brown, dun-drab, ecru, fawn, fawn-colored, fuscous, grege, hazel, khaki, lurid, nut-brown, olive-brown, olive-drab, seal, seal-brown, sepia, snuff-colored, sorrel, tan, taupe, tawny, toast, toast-brown, umber-colored, walnut, walnut-brown, yellowish-brown
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